Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Illegal P2P File Sharing on Institutions of Higher Learning Research Paper

Unlawful P2P File Sharing on Institutions of Higher Learning - Research Paper Example Encouraging gatherings, for example, P2P suppliers have been held optionally subject for the encroaching exercises as well. Organizations of higher learning, for example, schools and colleges have been focused by the endeavors of the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) to kill illicit document sharing wild among understudies (Tanaka 22). Despite the fact that Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) limits the degree of obligation of Internet specialist co-ops (ISPs) who may give web association with encroaching client of P2P record sharing, RIAA contends that there is an uncommon connection between school systems (ISPs) and their understudies unique in relation to that business ISPs have with their clients. This is planned for expanding the risk which schools convey from encroaching exercises of understudies (Varian 48). There is a chance of high budgetary and scholastic expense of limitation of P2P record partaking in grounds. The accompanying paper voyagers the answers for illicit P2P record sharing exercises in universities. 2. Reaction to Illegal P2P File Sharing by the Music Industry Mora than half of undergrads download music unlawfully. In the year 2010, 1.6 billion illicit music downloads were related with understudies of higher learning. Such measurements are the motivation behind why RIAA chose to focus on hindering unlawful P2P record partaking in school. ... of the music business, has likewise presented an instruction charge which guarantees that schools follow certain rules planned for annihilating illicit music downloads. In the event that these foundations neglect to conform to such methods, they hazard losing all or part of government finance help. As indicated by Gopal, Sudip and Lawrence (81), â€Å"the methodology in the instruction bill incorporate; (1) make school approaches with respect to unlawful downloading and circulation of other copyrighted material freely accessible for all understudies and representatives, and (2) build up an arrangement to offer options in contrast to illicit downloading just as offer â€Å"technology-based deterrents† to forestall unlawful activity.† 3. Connection among College and Students The connection among schools and their understudies can be supposed to be extraordinary. This is on the grounds that universities have a high propensity and capacity to control activities of their und erstudies. This is conceivable through arrangement of assets, for example, security, food and some of the time lodging (Gallaway and Douglas 37). Despite the fact that greater part of understudy are grown-ups in their own ability, they stay under standards and guidelines planned by schools to control the lead of understudies. With this reality, understudy relations are exceptional and can along these lines warrant an obligation on the school to screen their web systems and put forth attempts toward decrease or minimization of encroaching exercises, for example, unlawful music downloading (Castells 77). From the contention that schools greatly affect the structure of a student’s life by furnishing them with food, lodging, security and controlling their exercises through principles and guidelines, universities can be said to have an uncommon relationship with their understudies. This relationship is defended by contrasting it with that of a parent and a kid.

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Brechtian Performance- Second Reflection Essay

1. What Brechtian procedures did you use in your gathering? Myself and my individual gathering individuals utilized a wide range of Brechtian methods in our tranquility of Epic Theater. Initially, we settled on a social issue to put together our peice of theater with respect to, our last being the issue of gay marriage. We at that point set this issue dependent on the account of The Three Muskateers, and changed the name to Three Muskaqueers.This word play and the subject of gay marraige proceeded all through our peice of theater. Additionally, to proceed with the subject of homosexuality, we utilized Brechts thought of presenting Gods who pass jugdment on the play and the characters, Hamzah was our God of Gays. We additionally utilized a famous melody the YMCA and changed the words as indicated by our social issue and story. Other Brechtian procedures we utilized were scene cross cutting, gestus and greeze edges and we additionally had a storyteller who presented our play. 2. How very much did you think you utilized them (Popular audince response/commitment/understanding. Basic; assessments of different professionals and Self; individual targets you may have set yourself) I feel that our gathering utilized the vast majority of the procedures well indeed. We had the option to expressly utilize the Brechtian methods we picked, for example, utilizing a God to condemn and utilizing a storyteller, anyway I feel we could have enhanced different parts of Brechtian theater, for example, including the characters saying stage headings. On the off chance that we had included a greater amount of these procedures our peice would have become more Brechtian and would have been increasingly clear to the crowd that our exhibition was a peice of theater. I think we utilized our social issue and story well as we shrewdly made a statement with a double meaning from the first story of the Three Muskateers to the Three Muskaqueers. I feel that in general, from the response that we got from the crowd and how I feel about our peice of theater from the objectives I originally set myself that we utilized the methods quite well. 3. How very much did you ‘synthesis’ your substance (what you were stating) with the structure (how you were stating it) What did you believe was successful and why? I believe that we had a significant decent measure of combination in our creation as we kept the topic of â€Å"homosexuality† and â€Å"gay marraige† running all through the peice. We joined this topic into our picked signature melody, and into plays on words and jokes we made all through the peice of theater. I feel that we could have, towards the finish of the peice kept the subject running more as we changed the story by making one of the primary characters turn straight, and our educator and individual understudies didn't completely comprehend this decision, so I feel that we could have made this mroe evident or changed this. 4. In the event that you were not content with parts of your work, at that point what elective methodologies may you have sought after? Notice at any rate 2 parts of your friends work that you thought was powerful and why, as you think about other options. 1) I feel that we could have utilized the utilization of stage headings more since we did exclude this as much as possible have, and this piece of Epic Theater is a significant piece of Brechts fill in as he utilizes it to break the â€Å"fourth wall† between the on-screen characters, the play and the crowd. 2) I feel that we additionally could have utilized either emulate or veil in our theater. Albeit none of different gatherings did this, it is a very notable Brechtian method, and would have made our peice of theater stand apart considerably more using nboth Mime and covers.

Friday, August 14, 2020

Sample TOEFL Integrated Essay Monarch Butterflies

Sample TOEFL Integrated Essay Monarch Butterflies Sample TOEFL Integrated EssayThe QuestionThis integrated (Type 1) writing question is taken from a Chinese textbook which you probably will not be able to find. I am not permitted to print the lecture and reading here, but if you need some practice tests I highly recommend buying the Official TOEFL iBT Tests CollectionfromETS. Its an excellent source of actual TOEFL tests from past sittings.Special Offer: TOEFL Essay Evaluation and ScoringYou can now sign up to have your practice essays evaluated and scored by the author of this page. This service is a great way to learn how you will do before test day and how you can best prepare for the big day. Sign up today.The Sample EssayThe reading and the lecture are both about whether monarch butterfly populations are declining, and whether herbicides should be banned in order to save them. The author of the reading believes that herbicides should not be banned. The lecturer casts doubt on the claims made in the article. She thinks that herb icides pose a serious threat to the butterflies and should be outlawed.First of all, the author claims that no overall decline in monarch butterfly populations has been observed in North America. He notes that populations in certain areas have dropped, but that these have been offset by gains in other locations. This point is challenged by the lecturer. She says because the butterflies are extremely territorial, it is very easy for biologists to count them. Furthermore, she points out that a very clear drop in monarch butterfly populations has, in fact, been measured.Secondly, the author states that herbicides kill the milkweed that butterflies consume, but that plenty of it still remains in the wild for them to feed on. He argues that herbicides have not caused a general decline in milkweed availability, but just a decline on commercial farmland. This argument is rebutted by the lecturer. She suggests that it is a well-known fact that America is rapidly losing rural land because of urban sprawl. She notes that this effect has led to a very real decline of milkweed availability in rural areas.Finally, the author mentions that the attempt to ban herbicides is based on emotion rather than evidence and research. He is of the opinion that people only want to ban the herbicides because they affect the food of their beloved butterflies. The lecturer, on the other hand, feels that the move to ban herbicides is based on a rational examination of the evidence available. She puts forth the idea that we know the herbicides affect milkweed and we know that butterflies consume milkweed, so we can logically assume that the herbicides are detrimental to the insects.NoteThis is a sample TOEFL integrated essay written by a native speaker. It follows our TOEFL writing templates for integrated essays. If you find it useful, please remember that we have many more sample essaysfor you to read!

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Essay on Modernism Brought Much Change into the World

Modernism or modernist poetry refers to the time period where poems were written by various people between the 1890s and 1970s. Modernism poets have a lot of knowledge and their works reflect it. The Era of modernism brought on modern language as it referred to thought, practice or someone’s character. This brought on a lot of change in the world. The thought behind the thinking of modernist poets were that of individualism. The modern movement came about as the result of the industrial revolution. This was during a time were most people were moving out of the rural farm areas and began moving into cities around more people. The advancement in technology also played a big part in the modern movement. During this time new factories were†¦show more content†¦This was a time were a lot of black poets were emerging. Hughes believed that everyone under the same race could live together, which became a downfall during this time. People did not want to hear about someone and their poems on Negro America. Hughes still went on and made very famous works that are still and will forever be popular. His poems mostly follow the guideline of being a modern writer, having a main subject line and comparing everyday living to living in the city. A good example from Langston Hughes giving a modernist perspective in a poem is his poem Mother to Son. In this poem Langston is describing to her small son on how not to be. In this poem there is only one subject, common black music traditions and the realistic life of an African American family in the twentieth century. He used this poem to respond to the tension that had been set in the world as far as race. In this poem he created a clear vibrant explanation on life. Mother to Son also presents a clear-cut subject matter which lays out the mother’s life and sadness to her son by writing such lines as: â€Å"Life for me ain’t been no crystal stair. It’s had tacks in it, and splinters, and boards torn up, and places with no carpet on the floor, Bare†. This showed Hughes’ understanding of human individuality in respect to African Americans. Being a black writer back then in a white society was not east but he influenced and remains positive throu ghout hisShow MoreRelatedModernism and Art1604 Words   |  6 Pagesï » ¿ Modernism Typified Tradition Rejection Modernism is typified by rejection of tradition. Modernism is a present-state undertaking that comes with subsequent changes brought by innovation and change of approaches in production and thought. Traditions as the past lifestyle and activity cannot be at the stand with new and modern approaches of relaying similar activities and solutions. The challenges brought by the environment have changed urgency of approach and perception of ideas in the worldRead MoreThe Era Of Modernism : What People Do People Perceive Through Their Perceptions?945 Words   |  4 Pagesillustrating† (Modernism). Just as Jackson Pollock had been saying, modern art has a peculiar way of being perceived. Just as importantly as reading modern literature, the writing in such an art shows that reality is what people perceive through their perceptions. The era of Modernism was a time of great progression and innovation that set the foundation for the present day literature, redefining how readers read and writers wrote literature. During the earlier years of Modernism, T.S. Eliot, VirginiaRead MoreThe Literary Modernism Time Period1435 Words   |  6 Pages The literary modernism time period was a movement in literature that started in the early 1890s and was very eventful. During this era there were many considerable events taking place such as The Great War (also known as â€Å"World War One†), which started in 1914. This War lasted for four years and finally ended in 1918, but its effects lasted much longer. The financial instability of Europe and death caused by this First World War gave people a sense of patriotism that unified them. It made peopleRead MoreImpact Of Technology And Design On Modernisation Of Melbourne During The Interwar Period Of 1919-19391617 Words   |  7 Pagespast. However modernism may have many meanings, but it largely expresses the design movement within the 20th century, in how aspects of design has been influenced by many cultures and these ideas have then been brought into consideration when the designer embarks on their own design journey. Moving onto the postmodernism era, it was considered as â€Å"less is a bore† where households would clutter up their homes with ornaments and a lot of handmade bulky furniture whereas when modernism came into playRead MoreModernism And Its Impact On Society1347 Words   |  6 Pages Modernism Readings Introduction Modernism began in the late 19th century and early 20th century, characterized by a large-scale change in the appearances of western society. Modernism was characterized by innovations, new ideologies, and a sense of freedom from many traditional cultures. However, the era was also characterized by bottled up tension. People were uneasy with the social order, and it led to uproar and insurgency as the order of the day (Pucher, Akbarri and Denecke 43). The insurgencyRead MoreModernism And Its Impact On Art And Architecture1536 Words   |  7 Pages†¢ Modernism in oxford dictionary is defined as â€Å"A style or movement in the arts that aims to depart significantly from classical and traditional forms.† While this explanation defines modernism in design and architecture very clearly, roots of modernism are deeper. The movement of modernism has affected arts and design forever. Modernism was a start for designers to move forward and start making necessary changes to the ir pieces. As discussed before during the module a design needs to be functionalRead MoreAnalysis Of Ode On Melancholy By John Keats970 Words   |  4 Pagesideas of Modernists. In the art world there are two movements that demonstrate change, which are Romanticism and Modernism. The artists that demonstrate Romanticism include Washington Irving, William Wordsworth, John Keats, and Caspar Friedrich. The artists that demonstrate Modernism include Erich Remarque, E.E. Cummings, Claude Monet, and T.S. Eliot; some represent both movements such as Robert Frost. Romanticism emphasizes verbose descriptions and form, while Modernism emphasis function and RealismRead MoreModernism : Modernism And Modernism901 Words   |  4 Pagesmoving from Modernism to Postmodernism. Modernism s birth is somewhat controversial but our text puts it at 1910. Paul Cezanne, who was closely tied with Cubism, has been credited as one of the fathers of Modernism. A lot was changing during this period which produced a slew of new styles such as, Post Impressionism, Symbolism, and Surrealism to name a few. Modernism thrived from the early 20th century until the period denoted by World War II at which point it fell out of favor. Modernism was characterizedRead MoreThe Rites Of Spring By A Modris Ekstein1527 Words   |  7 Pagesduring the war. This literary work is based on the Ekstein’s claims about modernisms influence in the cause of World War 1. He divides the book into the acts similar to the play in that is the books namesake. Throughout this work, Ekstein argues that the ideology of modernism, which is primarily concerned with â€Å"introspection, death, emancipation, primitivism, abstraction, movement, and the creation of myths†; in the modern world, has mixed art and life and made aesthetics more important than previousRead MoreModernism In The Great Gatsby1728 Words   |  7 Pages Modernism in The Great Gatsby The Great Gatsby is a novel by American author F. Scott Fitzgerald that follows the story of Jay Gatsby in the Jazz Age of the United States. Although this novel tells a fictional tale, it also gives readers a window into the social and economic environment of America in the time period following World War I. For this reason, The Great Gatsby is considered one of the most important examples of Modernism in American literature. The Modernist themes in this novel come

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Character Analysis Of Heart Of Darkness - 1983 Words

Joseph Conrad’s novella, Heart of Darkness, examines the mysterious Kurtz, and his struggling journey in which his psyche tries to maintain its state after transferring into a different and more mysterious environment. This change to the jungle from Europe altered the limits of his mind, causing his old European identity to be mutated. In accordance with this, his inner shadow battles to reveal his true self – a distinctive character itself that, being influenced by the ominous wild, exposes his innate desires. Kurtz before his journey into Africa, gets tempted by the fortune that could be made from ivory; although, during his settlement in the wilderness, his nature undergoes a fluctuation – a change that not only causes his psyche to†¦show more content†¦Furthermore, he tries to repress his illness due to having the concrete mentality that nothing should stop him from gaining more assets. Ultimately, Kurtz’s mind is a product of the violent mixt ure of rapacity and righteousness, and therefore has difficulties in balancing out and maintaining a solid identity. Throughout Heart of Darkness, Conrad is able to portray the consequence of preserving a vulnerable self-identity through the use of the enigmatic Kurtz, and how he approaches different opportunities presented to him. By implementing Kurtz’s interactions in the jungle, Conrad also suggests becoming aware of one’s own shadow; by meeting it can one not only learn the inversed aspect of themselves, but they can also control their own psychological limits. Unlike what Kurtz did during his mid-life, it is essential to achieve totality of the human mind for one to acquire an intact self-identity. Heart of Darkness takes place around the nineteenth century– a time when explorers from the British Empire targeted Africa for colonization and trade through processes of invasion such as the Scramble for Africa. Additionally, Africa was not fully mapped at this point in time. Some of the main reasons that drove navigators to explore were to obtain gold, spread religion, and gain glory. Also at this time, most of the explorers had little to no sympathy towards the indigenous peoples – they were self-centered. Their ideas and policies were usually of no interest to those ofShow MoreRelatedHeart Of Darkness Character Analysis977 Words   |  4 Pagescan conceive what a plaguing thing it is to have a man’s mind torn asunder by two projects of equal strength, both obstinately pulling in a contrary direction at the same time.† In the novel Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad there are two characters whose minds are being torn in two. One of these characters is t he mysterious Kurtz. Kurtz is the commander of a trading post for a corrupt company who trades ivory. While he works for corrupt company and does disgusting things, he also has a set of moralsRead MoreCharacter Analysis Of Heart Of Darkness1799 Words   |  8 PagesIntroduction Joseph Conrad’s 20th century novella, Heart of Darkness, explicates the disparity between the intrinsic nature of humans and the superficiality that one exudes to masquerade the primordial nature innate to all persons. Charlie Marlow’s expedition through the Congo River cultivates an opportunity for self-discovery as he realizes that the human spirit is capable of atrocities that one could not fathom; moreover, his empirical observations of European violence in Africa impels him to renounceRead MoreThings Fall Apart, And The Heart Of Darkness1518 Words   |  7 PagesIntroduction The following essay will contain a critical analysis of two passages from Things Fall Apart, and the Heart of Darkness. I will compare and contrast the narrative structure, the language used and the themes explored. Through this critical analysis, we can gain a better understanding of the two extracts, each one helping to illuminate the other. The passages I will be analysing are: Things Fall Apart, Chinua Achebe, Page 124 Heart of Darkness, Joseph Conrad, Page 116-117 Narrative Structure NarrativeRead MoreComparative Essay1096 Words   |  5 PagesComparative analysis: â€Å"Heart of Darkness† â€Å"Apocalypse Now† Student: Mora Vandenbroele Teacher: Azucena Estigarribia Year: 11th â€Å"A† â€Å"Heart of Darkness† vs. â€Å"Apocalypse Now† It is very interesting how humans are so intrigued about the evilness in the world, and the dedication of some men to compare Hell with the Earthly horror. Joseph Conrad, a genius writer, took his time to show this with his masterpiece â€Å"Heart of Darkness†Read MoreEssay about Joseph Conrads Heart of Darkness794 Words   |  4 Pagessuggestive arguments when trying to dissect a piece of writing. Joseph Conrads novella Heart of Darkness offers the perfect platform for interpretation. With a dozen shades of foggy grays, the short story is begging for a set of eyes that can see it through. Without proceeding too far into the novella, one can draw out a great deal of analytical suggestions as to what the title itself implies. The word Darkness seems to be a consistent theme throughout the book. So much so, that the amount of weightRead MoreHeart of Darkness vs. Apocalypse Now Essay816 Words   |  4 Pages In Heart of Darkness and Apocalypse Now, both Joseph Conrad a nd Francis Ford Coppola create similar statements through their creations as they both centralize their views upon the effects of environmental changes that affect the human condition. The film Apocalypse Now vaguely reflects a similar message pursued by Conrad’s novella, due to the difference in time period, place setting, and circumstances in which the film was created. Conrad wrote his novella during British colonization, focusingRead More Comparing Apocalypse Now and Heart of Darkness Essay1489 Words   |  6 PagesComparing Apocalypse Now and Heart of Darkness   Ã‚   In the opening scenes of the documentary film Hearts of Darkness-A Filmmakers Apocalypse, Eleanor Coppola describes her husband Franciss film, Apocalypse Now, as being loosely based on Joseph Conrads Heart of Darkness. Indeed, loosely is the word; the period, setting, and circumstances of the film are totally different from those of the novella. Yet, a close analysis of character, plot, and theme in each respective work reveals thatRead MoreThe Journey In â€Å"Heart Of Darkness† Spans Not Only The Capricious1222 Words   |  5 PagesThe journey in â€Å"Heart of Darkness† spans not only the capricious waters extending our physical world, but also the perplexing ocean which exists in the heart of man. Through Marlow s somewhat overenthusiastic eyes, we perceive the mystery that is humanity, and the blurred line between darkness and light. It is an expedition into the deepest crevices of the human heart and mind bringing on an awareness, and finally descending into the abyss of hell abiding in each of us. Conrad’s use of wordplayRead MoreIn Search of the Unknown: Apocalypse Now1584 Words   |  6 PagesIn Search of the Unknown Apocalypse Now is a film based on the story Heart of Darkness, written by Joseph Conrad. By analyzing the book, the readers do not just understand the theme and plot of the story, but also makes readers look back in the 19th century Colonialism and see how the world worked under Imperialism. The movie, Apocalypse Now also correlates with the book, but this time the setting does not take place in the 19th century, but in the 20th century when United States was at war withRead MoreEthnocentrism: with Whom Resides the Heart of Darkness?790 Words   |  4 PagesEthnocentrism 1 Ethnocentrism With Whom Resides the Heart of Darkness? Antonio Arevalo James Campbell High School Ethnocentrism 2 Abstract This paper discusses Heart of Darkness, Joseph Conrads most acclaimed novel, and attempts to determine what the heart of darkness that Conrad speaks of is. I found, through my interpretations, that the heart of darkness is the ethnocentrism that Europeans maintained in the age of colonialism. More specifically, this ethnocentrism brought

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Managing homeland security Free Essays

The US homeland security department was formed as a strategy to beef up homeland security following the enactment of the Homeland security Act of 2002.   This was in reaction to the increased terrorist attacks around the world and particularly because of the devastating September 11 terrorist attacks in 2001.   The department of Homeland security is charged with the economies responsibility of mobilizing the nation for prevention of further terrorist attacks. We will write a custom essay sample on Managing homeland security or any similar topic only for you Order Now    This it does by providing a care unifying point for numerous organizations that ran parallel to ensuring sufficient homeland security. (Kemp, 2003). Notably, the DHS responsibilities are exceedingly important as well as challenging.   The men and women in this department rise daily to protect the citizens of America form visions terrorist attack.   They must therefore be guided by a clear framework to direct flier actions and this is provided in the department vision and mission statement.   For instance, the vision reads preserving out freedom, protecting America †¦we secure our homeland. The mission on the other hand reads â€Å"we will lead the unified national efforts to secure America.   We will prevent and deter terrorist attacks and protect against and respond to threats and hazards to the nation.   We will ensure safe and secure borders, welcome lawful immigrants and visitors and promote the free flow of commerce (   These strongly started missions provide a strong foundation and framework for building on the daily operations of this department. The vision and mission of the department set out the goals of the department which are also purposeful and clear, for example to identify and understand threats, to value to most valuable asset i.e. the people of America and so on.   Clearly, the mission and vision stamens of the DHS are crucial to the operations of the department and especially the human resources. The structure The department of Homeland security comprises of five directors namely, The directors of National protection and programs, The directorate of science and technology, The directorate of management, The office of policy and the office of health Affairs. The directorate of National Protection and programs is charged with the task of developing and implementing risk reduction approaches by putting in place an integrated and comprehensive view of cubing risk elements both physical and virtual.   If feel that this arm plays a crucial role since prevention is better than cure.   Risk reduction approach goes a long way to facilitating reduced terrorist attacks. The directorate of science and Technology primarily provides the federal and state officials with the technology and capabilities they may require to stay a head in the plight against terrorism.   This is a very important function of the department because seen as it is, the terrorist techniques get sophisticate by the day and with the directorate RD efforts, advanced technology to match or even surpass that of the terrorist gangs helps to reduce numerous attacks by detecting them early or reducing the magnitude of their effects. This I feel is very crucial to be department’s mission. The directing for management is equally important.   This is because it ensures that the budget is properly appropriated, adequate to fund the operations of the department which no doubt must be very costly.   These funds must be well managed and this is the function of the directorate of managements.   Additionally, other components such as the human resource, expenditure of funds, IT systems management, procurement of necessary materials and so on fall under the roles of this directorate. These functions although not directly connected to the actual capturing of terrorists contribute to the smooth running of the department. This is especially true when it comes to the  human resource.   I believe it is one of the most important functions of this department which entails the right people for the job. E.g. highly qualified, possess integrity, innovative as well as patriotic. The division of office of policy is just as pertinent as the other in the DHS. Although not well known to many, its main function is to formulate and coordinate policies within the department of homeland security.   I believe that the division in the DHS is crucial component in that it provides a focused centralized long range blue prints to the protection of the United States and its people. (Howard, James Moore, 2005). Also in line with the five directorates of the department of homeland security is the office of Health Affairs.   Much cannot be said about this department but of importance is the role it plays providing medical activities in instances where having medical background preparation may be called for.   Generally, this act to ensure that staff is well prepared to face challenges of a medical nature such as diseases like SARS, Bird flu and the rest which pose homeland insecurity. The US department of homeland security works in conjunction with the independent organizations such as the US coast guard which is a branch of the military whose duty is basically to conduct search and rescue mission as well as provide security assistance of a marine nature.   This organization is the smallest of all but none the less vital in ensuring maximum possible security to the American citizens, the environment us economy or any other security interest falling in the region meantime.   This organization seems most logical because it is impossible for the DHS to work alone in providing security to the whole of American. Not only that, division of labour or rather specialization ensures that the experts do their part to give maximum contribution to the security of America.   Beside since both organization have same mission where necessary at all times.   The other independent body that worked with the US department of security is the secret service.   This department has dual roles form providing security to correct retires of visiting leaders and conducting criminal investigations of a sensitive nature say money laundry, identity theft, computer based attacks and so on. Contrary to what most people believe, not the agency is misplaced in working with homeland security, I feel that its pretense is crucial to beefing security within American not only to the ‘who is who’ and their families but even the citizens of American.   This is because most terrorist attacks are funded from outside sources to internally based allies.   Tracking suspicious transfers could head the agency to exposing such suspicious transaction and ultimately lead to the crime that is not so far apart form terrorism or terrorist.   When the US secret service curbs these problems, they in part also curb problems and threats of terrorism. The five directorates are further made up smaller operate under the umbrella of the directorates.   For instance under the NPP directorates we have the offices of cyber security and communications, infrastructure protection (OIP) office of intergovernmental programs (IGP) office of Risk management and Analysis (RMA) and US Visit. These sub-divisions under the NNP directorate expand the breath of jurisdiction and duties of the department of homeland security.   In terms increasing preparedness for unexpected attacks, reassurance to the nation providing decision makers will information that is relevant and accurate when it is needed, developing integrated approach to homeland security right form grassroots, and so on. In my opinion, the department of homeland security is well organized, in a logical way of least.   The organization hierarchy is very clearly displayed in the deportment organization chart with the security at the top of the chart.   In support to this claim, the department has tried to be very comprehensive with almost all areas affecting security considered, for example, the legal aspects, health, financial management, technological, intelligence, citizenship, public affairs and policy and so on. Additionally, the department appoints commissioners and directors form other agencies such as the citizenship and migration services, customs and border protection, transport security, secret service, coast guard, federal emergency management Agency (FEMA) and immigration and customs enforcements. (   This only goes to show how well thought out the organization of the agency is. The inclusion of the afore mentioned agencies ensures that no loopholes are left uncovered i.e. right from detection of potential threats, prevention tacking of insecurity and swift and efficient disaster management in case of terrorist attacks or natural disaster strike. However, it is not hard to notice that one important agency is absent in the DHS organization i.e. the federal bureau of investigation.   It is alarming because these two should be closely interlinked because seen as it is they share comm. interest i.e. fighting crime, protection and conducting criminal investigations.   If they could work directly with the departments of Homeland security then perhaps the expertise on fighting insecurity and terrorist attack would be greater. References Department of Homeland Security. About the Department of Homeland Security Retrieved on October 27, 2007 from World Wide Web: FEMA. Introduction to Emergency Management Textbook, FEMA Higher Education Project. Retrieved on October 27, 2007 from World Wide Web: Howard, R.D., James J. Moore J. C. (2005). Homeland Security and Terrorism: Readings and Interpretations. New York: McGraw-Hill Professional. Kemp R.L. (2003). Homeland Security: Best Practices for Local Government International City/County Management Association. How to cite Managing homeland security, Essay examples

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Sir Rich Arkwright Was Born On December 23, 1732 At Preston In The Cou Essay Example For Students

Sir Rich Arkwright Was Born On December 23, 1732 At Preston In The Cou Essay nty of Lancaster. His first profession was a barber in Bolron-le-moors in 1760. Soon afterward he traveled throught the country buying human hair. At that time he had a valuable chemical secret for dying the hair to make wigs out of. Arkwrights hair was commented to be the finest hair in the country. In 1761, Richard Arkwright married Margaret Biggins, and this marriage brought him to an aquaitance with Thomas Highs. Highs was probably one of the most important people Arkwright was to ever meet. He was the inventor of the spinning jenny and the water frame. Highs was behind the mechanical production of both of these machines, however he could now market his product due to lack of funding and ill communication skills. This is where Richard Arkwright comes in. Arkwright was highly skilled in dealing with business and other social aspects. Arkwright sought to obtain the water frame by less than friendly means. He contacted John Kay, a former employee of Highs, to turn brass for him. This was all part of a clever plot to get Kay to reveal the design of Highs water frame. Eventually, Arkwright succeded and Kay cunstructed a replica of the water frame, or otherwise known as throstle. Arkwright showed off the model to several people to seek financial aid. He eventually prevailed on Mr. Smalley to fund the project. In April of 1768 he hired Kay and took him along with him to Nottingham where he built a factory turned by horses. On July 3, 1769, he obtained a patent for spinning by rollers. By doing this, he solidified his hold over the water frame preventing Highs from ever gaining the immense profits made by the water frame. In 1771, Arkwright built another factory in Cromford. The power for this factory was supplied by a water wheel instead of horses. During this time many improvements were made to shorten the process of spinning wool. Arkwright kept an eye on these improvements and eventually made a machine combining many of them into a series. These engines, as he called them, were enough to take up another pattent on December 16, 1775. Improvements specified in the pattent were not invented by Arkwright but were actually borrowed from a number of different spinners. The spinners he borrowed the improvements continued to use their improvements even after the pattent was obtained. In 1781, Arkwright began to take action against these people for still using these improvements by suing them for pattent infringement. Unlike what would happen today, only one case was tried against Col. Mordaunt. Mordaunts defence was that Arkwright had never specified the inventions as required by law, theref making the pa ttent invalid. Soon after the trial, Arkwright published The Case. The object of The Case was to obtain from the Legislature an act of Parliament to guarantee Arkwright the pattent-right which had been invalidated by the trial in 1781. In The Case he attributed the invention of the jenny and the water frame to James Hargrave who infact only improved on the water frame. He also cleverly omitted Highs name from the paper, and Hargrave, who was dead, could not deny or approve of what was written. For those of you who have been wondering all this time about what the water frame exactly is, well, its not a drenched picture frame. Its really an improvement on a spinning machine called the spinning jenny. The jenny, however, was only able to spin transverse threads. The jennys inventor, Highs, believed he could produce a machine that could spin cotton to a degree of hardness and fineness required for logitudinal threads which had been made from foreign linnen yarn. Highs employed Kay to make the machine by giving him a model made of wood. .ua5754176e6c768be9fcc4454a472d2ad , .ua5754176e6c768be9fcc4454a472d2ad .postImageUrl , .ua5754176e6c768be9fcc4454a472d2ad .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ua5754176e6c768be9fcc4454a472d2ad , .ua5754176e6c768be9fcc4454a472d2ad:hover , .ua5754176e6c768be9fcc4454a472d2ad:visited , .ua5754176e6c768be9fcc4454a472d2ad:active { border:0!important; } .ua5754176e6c768be9fcc4454a472d2ad .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ua5754176e6c768be9fcc4454a472d2ad { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ua5754176e6c768be9fcc4454a472d2ad:active , .ua5754176e6c768be9fcc4454a472d2ad:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ua5754176e6c768be9fcc4454a472d2ad .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ua5754176e6c768be9fcc4454a472d2ad .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ua5754176e6c768be9fcc4454a472d2ad .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ua5754176e6c768be9fcc4454a472d2ad .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ua5754176e6c768be9fcc4454a472d2ad:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ua5754176e6c768be9fcc4454a472d2ad .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ua5754176e6c768be9fcc4454a472d2ad .ua5754176e6c768be9fcc4454a472d2ad-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ua5754176e6c768be9fcc4454a472d2ad:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: The humanistic effect of the italian renaissance EssayThe water frame required a great deal of power to operate it, and could only be used to the advantage of factories,and only by specific factories with an available water source to turn the machine because the steam engine had not been invented at this point in time. This is where it got the name of water frame. The yarn spun on the water frame is twisted much harder than yarn spun on the jenny. Because of this, it is better adapted for warps or longitudinal threads. Highs tried to keep the water frame as secret as possible because, as was said, it was his favorite invention. He promised himself that he would take full advantage of it in the future. The spinning jenny he made public, but decided to keep the water frame secret until the time that he could raise enough money to have a factory built for it. Richard Arkwright is due some credit, for without him, the water frame would probably had a very slow and tedious introduction, or might have perished all together. Arkwright died in Cromford in August, 1792 at age 59. He came from a very low status in live and raised himself to the highest dignity in an extensive and influent country. He was universally respected and even now is remembered.